This book uses a theoretical and empirical approach to explore the philosophies of European citizenship and European identity.The author applies a focused analytical framework to argue that European identity and citizenship should be perceived as postmodern categories which are multi-layered, dynamic and fluid.
The book offers a detailed review of political and legal studies which do not comprehend or explain postmodernist concepts of citizenship and identity. In the theoretical part of the book various philosophical models of citizenship and identity (from antiquity to the postmodern era) are portrayed, and the author's own theory and analytical framework is developed. The empirical part of the book discusses a variety of case studies illustrating how European Union policies apply to this framework.
About the author:
Sanja Ivic is Associate Research Fellow at the Institute of International Relations, Prague, Czech Republic, and a Research Fellow at the Institute for European Studies, Serbia. She completed her Postdoctoral research at the University of Paris 10, France. Her publications include books and articles on various subjects in the field of European studies.
Jews, Christians and Muslims in Dialogue with Each Other and With Britain
Edited by Tony Bayfield, Alan Race and Ataullah Siddiqui
Beyond the Dysfunctional Family represents the dialogical fruit of a group of Jews, Christians and Muslims who have been meeting together for more than a decade. The contributors have made the long journey from guarded spokespersons to vulnerable human beings who can share both their enthusiasms and fears with those they now recognise as siblings.
Breaking new ground, the book reflects on the causes of dysfunctionality — historical, political, theological — and offers healing through a theology of deep respect and sense of equality. Therefore, the book is not a series of disconnected essays commissioned at arm's length; rather, each chapter has been written out of the group experience, where every word has been probed and revised in the demanding process of the dialogue itself.
All the contributors work within the living institutions of their respective communities and yet are committed practitioners of interfaith dialogue. They bring a passion and an awareness of being on the front line. The book faces issues of religious identity, truth, violence and critical thinking with both honesty and mutual care.
Tony Bayfield, Alan Race, Ataullah Siddiqui, Sughra Ahmed, Rachel Benjamin, Miriam Berger, Marcus Braybrooke, Jane Clements, Elizabeth Harris, Shanthi Hettiarachchi, Michael Hilton, Dilwar Hussain, Humera Khan, Abduljalil Sajid, Elizabeth Tikvah Sarah, Norman Solomon
The front cover image shows a metal sculpture as public art, with entwined symbols from the three traditions (star of David, cross, crescent moon), from the village of Frigiliana in Andalucia, Spain.
"New readings by Richard Dawkins, John Dupre, Geoffrey Klempner, and Ernest Sosa acquaint students with philosophical thinking at the forefront of current research.
"New sections on justice and the state, God and science, the nature vs. nurture debate, and virtue epistemology show students how philosophical thinking informs current debates in politics, religion, and science.
"Expanded discussions of political libertarianism, metaphysical libertarianism, compatibilism, animalism, the categorical imperative, and the Gettier problem provide deeper understanding of important philosophical theories and reveal how philosophical thinking responds to scientific discoveries.
"New boxes and Thought Probes (critical thinking sections based on philosophical concepts) encourage students to think more deeply about the various implications of philosophical theories."
Most of us, at some time, ask ourselves whether our lives are going well; or whether some key decision or pivotal event, was in the end good or bad for us, all things considered.
At the heart of such questions are the notions of well-being and prudential value, whose importance is increasingly recognised by governments and individuals.
Tim Taylor takes the reader step by step through the philosophical issues surrounding these notions and critically analyses the strengths and weaknesses of competing approaches.
He proposes a new subjective account of prudential value, under which both mental states and states of the world may have value: value is conferred upon states of the world not by desires, but by valuings, which react to the world as it is rather than how it might come to be.
He develops from this an account of well-being, concluding with proposals about how this might be measured.
"Philosophy that can't deal with religious idioms is dumb. Religions that can't think philosophically are fundamentalist... The glory of Judaic culture is that the rabbis were always philosophers of a sort and the philosophers were always really rabbis at heart — that is, teachers of the community with an eye to questions of destiny and history." Matthew Del Nevo
From the prophets who admonished the leaders and people of Israel for their ethical misconduct through to the rabbis who troubled the Torah to make meaning for Jewish life, Judaism has been engaged with troubling and trouble making.
Trouble-making is about challenging and disrupting the status quo. It is also about being troubled and troubling our Jewish texts and inheritance to adapt and change in response to the lives of Jewish individuals, families and communities here and now.
"This book is wise and beautiful and truthful, a wonderful and necessary antidote to the 'me me me money world' of the mechanical age." Wayne Cristaudo, Professor, European Studies, University of Hong Kong
Too little is made in our time of that sweet and pensive mood called 'melancholy'. Without a capacity for melancholy, we cannot apprehend beauty or connect with the soul. Lacking this connection, we might be self-actualising, self-developing, outwardly happy, but we might also be leaking soul badly.
One of the best ways to get soulful is through music and poetry. Poetry is not just the music of language but the language of music. A simple poem can stir the imagination of the heart and bring musicality back to the mundane events of life.
This book introduces us into an enriching creative sense of life that great artists have always known and expressed but which, for a whole variety of reasons, is lost to increasing numbers of people today.
Each philosopher of note has one 'big idea': one central thesis that is the feature of his or her entire opus. For Plato this theme is the Good: the inner force that impels all things to excellence or perfection. For Parmenides it is that being is One: immutable and unchanging. For Hegel it is the dialectical process through which the Absolute Spirit moves to self-realisation. Descartes' central intuition is the cogito. Heidegger's is Dasein — being in the world with others. Giambattista Vico's 'big idea' is set out the most often quoted portion of paragraph 331 of his magnum opus, New Science (1744) where he says,
"Still, in the dense and dark night which envelops remotest antiquity, there shines an eternal and inextinguishable light. It is a truth that cannot be doubted: The civil world is certainly the creation of humankind. And consequently, the principles of the civil world can and must be discovered within the modifications of the human mind." (para 331)
The ambition of Vico's Road to Postmodernism is to examine the 'big idea' implicit in this quotation, and to show how the sentiments represented in it anticipate that movement which we know today as postmodernism.
It should be said that the title of this book is something of a play on words of the theme that James Joyce, who, as shown in the book, Ihab Hassan identifies as a postmodern thinker, took for his book Finnegans Wake. It seems that Joyce, who declared that his imagination soared whenever he read Vico, as a tribute to the Italian thinker, begins the narrative of his famous novel at the Vico Road in the South Dublin suburb of Killiney. Not only is there a link between the name of this road and Giambattista Vico, but the view of Dublin Bayfrom this road is said to replicate the view of the Bay of Naples, Vico's native city.
The aim of this work is to demonstrate that complementarity represents the central organizing principle of nature, and as such should also serve as the core of a coherent model of nature.
In pursuing this theme, the book ends up necessarily challenging much of the conventional science paradigm as being precisely that: a complex set of relatively random conventions, which were devised to deal with a variety of theoretical or phenomenological conundrums that were encountered along the way. What we are left with is an array of arbitrary cross sections of nature that are impossible to unify into a consistent framework. We need a coherent conceptual foundation developed in a lucid and logical fashion.
The relationship between science and society is also examined, including questions about whether science should be helping us to develop a meaningful framework for understanding the patterns of nature, or whether it is sufficient to mainly provide accurate predictions and better technology.
"Clear, lively, and based on thorough knowledge of the field. O'Brien's book provides an excellent introductory text in epistemology." Christopher Hookway, University of Sheffield
"You would have bet against anyone being able to present a concise, rigorous, thoroughly enjoyable introduction not just to all the central areas of epistemology but also to such difficult topics as Wilfrid Sellars' Myth of the Given, Wittgenstein's Private Language arguments, and John McDowell's theory of experience. You would have lost. Dan O'Brien's text is just excellent. The author is an ideal guide through the maze of views that constitutes modern theory of knowledge. He also enlivens and enriches the text by drawing inspiration from film and literature." Laurence Goldstein, University of Kent
Dan O'Brien lectures on Philosophy at the University of Birmingham and is an Associate Lecturer for the Open University.
Correcting the Logical Errors in Russell's Metaphysics
and the metaphysical errors in predicate logic
"Bertrand Russell claimed he had eliminated metaphysics from modern philosophy. In fact he made substantive assumptions about what exists. These assumptions are embedded into his logic. Much subsequent work done in philosophy and logic involves working around these assumptions.
"What Is avoids these assumptions. It presents a system of 'True Logic', using the propositional calculus with a subpropositional reference, to put forward a new theory of knowledge.
"This avoids the need for a theory of higher orders of predicates, resolves problems of defining domains, and clarifies description and designation.
"It presents a theory that permits us to be sure of intellectual progress while admitting the fallibility of scientific knowledge."
"Our understanding of Plato and our understanding of the nature of philosophy are two sides of a coin. The dominant academic conception of the nature of philosophical thinking vitiates both our understanding of philosophy and our interpretation of Plato. Plato gave us the profoundest truths about ourselves and about Reality in winged myths. Our learned scholars turn the myths into silly dogmata, into transparently erroneous doctrines, and all is lost: the inspirational core, the inspired insight, is dissipated when its housing shell of myth is shattered.
"No one is entitled to claim a monopoly on understanding Plato's 'true' meaning, and I certainly make no such claim. I neither pretend nor intend to arrive at what Plato thought or taught. Plato has left us some thirty pieces of verbal composition, which he created for his own amusement. I enter into living dialogue with the living Plato and offer the understanding I come out with for myself from that dialogue, not claiming any authority or any veracity for my interpretation. I do what Plotinus did, I draw from the flowing founds of Plato to water my own garden. And offer my version of Platonism for what it may be worth intrinsically."
D.R. Khashaba b. 1927 is an independent philosopher, published Let Us Philosophize (1998). Contributed numerous articles to Examined Life Online Journal, and Philosophy Pathways. Web site http://khashaba.blogspot.com. Khashaba, a widower with one daughter, Hanan, and one granddaughter, Farah, lives in his home-country Egypt.
The Man Who Folded Himself is a classic science fiction novel by award winning author David Gerrold. This work was nominated for both Hugo and Nebula awards and is considered by some critics to be the finest time travel novel ever written. David Gerrold is the Hugo and Nebula award-winning author of When HARLIE Was One, The Man Who Folded Himself, The Voyage of the Star Wolf, The Martian Child and "The Trouble With Tribbles" episode of Star Trek. His recently released novel, The Martian Child has received rave reviews.
Alan Gutierrez, a renowned cover artist who has worked with many of the leading names in science fiction, is developing the cover art.
"In Love With Eternity presents a project of philosophic thought. It is composed of a group of essays and fragments concerned with the creation of one's self, which self is the substance of reality for every human being... A central concept in these essays is that of the relationship of 'eternity' to time; one can regard with dismay the passage of time but love one's position in eternity. The concept of the 'pointillist canvas of eternity' is presented as a new philosophical world view."
Richard Schain is an independent philosopher who has been writing philosophy since 1982. His recent works are Radical Metaphysics (2002) and The Legend of Nietzsche's Syphilis (2001). A former professor of neurology at UCLA, he currently works as a neurologist at the Sonoma State Hospital in California.
The collection of essays includes 'Toward a Radical Metaphysics', 'Nietzsche's Visionary Values — Genius or Dementia?', 'Metaphysics and the Problem of Existence', 'The Pointillist Canvas of Eternity', 'Philosophy: Rigorous Science or Intuitive Thought: A Critique of Mind by John Searle'. Previous versions of these essays appeared in Philosophy Pathways e-journal.
"Handbook of Greek Philosophy is a real guide for anyone who wants to know about Ancient Greek philosophy, but does not know how to start. With the present study one can be gradually initiated into the main principles of the great philosophers, whose thought is the basis of the modern philosophical thought. Due to chronological presentation of the fifteen Greek philosophical schools, the reader can gradually get to the understanding of the philosophical terms and concepts, beginning with the simple and proceeding to the most complex.
"The original fragments, which have been carefully selected out of thousands, along with their thorough analysis, can enable the reader to fathom the reasoning of the Greek thinkers, and acquire a deep comprehension of their Gnoseology, Ontology and Ethics. With this substantial work of scholarship, both the student and the teacher of philosophy alike can find useful concepts, ideas and quotations, so as to broaden their knowledge and views of philosophy. Apart from that, this essay can help them to make a further inquiry concerning Ontology and Ethics of Greek Philosophy."
Nikolaos Bakalis was born in Northern Greece in 1957. He studied at the School of Sciences, Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki, Greece. For the last twenty-five years he has studied Ancient Greek Philosophy and has a Doctorate in Greek Philosophy. He has lived in Germany since 2000 where he works as a high school teacher
"Read this book and you will have not wasted your time but on the contrary gained a strong feeling of what philosophy is all about and how the Greeks did it. From the countless citations an intense feeling of immediacy develops, of being near to the sources from where philosophy once sprang like from a well of fresh water." Hubertus Fremerey in Philosophy Pathways Issue 108.
Por sus esfuerzos para pone la Filosofía al alcance de todos
"He escrito este ensayo para exponer los resultados de la indagación filosófica que he llevado a cabo sobre el miedo a la muerte. La idea me surgió al abordar el tema como parte del programa Pathways to Philosophy que cursé bajo la tutoría del Dr. Geoffrey Klempner. Entonces, una premisa fundamental es que lo he escrito bajo la divisa de dicho programa: La Filosofió es para todos y no só para los filósofos profesionales. Los filósofos deben saber muchas cosas además de Filosofía."