5 philosophical questions
From The Glass House Philosopher 8th October 1999:
Two more questions for Ask a Philosopher. Steve asked me, 'What makes a question philosophical? I have studied philosophy and I still don't have a good answer to that question!' Kanokwan asked, 'I really want to know how important it is to learn Philosophy. How can we use it in our life? how can we think like the philosophers? how do philosophers think? how would this world be if there was not any philosophy?'
Kanokwan's question is easier.
It doesn't matter how clever you are, or how much you know. If you haven't studied philosophy then something vital is missing from your life. That is what I want to tell the world — if there is anyone out there who cares to listen.
What use is philosophy? why is it so important? — I tell my students, 'Philosophy is the ultimate expression of human freedom.' It is about breaking free from the mind prison of average, everyday discourse. Refusing to accept the language and the concepts that the powers-that-be thrust upon us. It is about seeing possibilities beyond the narrow span of the present moment or our own private worlds.
Philosophers are better thinkers not because they think faster, but because they learn the supreme value of being nimble. You learn to question every assumption, every starting point. You have to learn how to question the question otherwise you don't know how to get unstuck. We all get stuck. What makes philosophical problems so difficult is that more often than not we don't know what the real problem is. The value of philosophical thinking for our everyday lives is in teaching us how to get out of the corners we paint ourselves into, the trenches we dig for ourselves. Your life could be different than it is. Anything is possible.
There's no quick way to 'learn to think like a philosopher'. Like any acquired skill, its a matter of perseverance and practice. Just to be aware of the possibility that philosophy represents is already to take the first step. If you weren't a philosopher already, you wouldn't have appreciated the question!
But what makes a question philosophical? Why do I find that question so difficult? My answer to Steve is that it is easier to say what makes a question not philosophical. If you can find out by doing an inquiry or an experiment, by looking at evidence and weighing it up, then your question is not philosophical.
It should strike us as amazing that not all questions can be answered in this way. It seems at first as if we are being told that there is a secret extra store of knowledge in our own heads and philosophers know the magic spell to bring it out. — If there is stuff hidden away in our heads, that is a matter for psychoanalysts, or practitioners of the occult.
The truth is that there is no philosophical knowledge inside us waiting to be dug out. The truths of philosophy are out there in reality. To get at those truths, however, we have to use reasoning and logic to question the meaning of our beliefs, or the things we say, or are tempted to say. What one discovers from doing philosophy is that half the time we either don't know we are saying, or else we are talking nonsense without realizing it.
I once came across a philosophy book from the 40's in a second hand book shop, The Silver World. I find the title very evocative. The silver world of philosophy may lack the robust colours of the everyday world that we all have to deal with. But it has an exquisite beauty of its own that cannot be matched by anything in the known universe.