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PHILOSOPHY PATHWAYS electronic journal

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P H I L O S O P H Y   P A T H W A Y S                   ISSN 2043-0728
http://www.philosophypathways.com/newsletter/

Issue No. 207
20th December 2016

CONTENTS

Edited by Hubertus Fremerey

I. 'Reason, Delusion, and "The Good"' by Hubertus Fremerey

II. 'Epistemological Position of G.W.F. Hegel' by Sujit Debnath

III. 'The Art Form Called Philosophy' by Richard Schain

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EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION

The following group of three essays is assembled around the concept
of "reason". Sujit Debnath writes on the "Epistemological position of
G.W.F. Hegel", displaying a systematic ladder where Hegel "discusses
four sources of knowledge. They are sense-certainty, perception,
understanding and reason." Richard Schain’s essay, "The art form
called philosophy" is of a totally different character, claiming that
philosophy is an art form and rejecting clearly the idea that
philosophy could or should be a form of science. My own essay
concerns the related problems of "Reason, Delusion, and 'The
Good'".  Some comments on the essays of Mr. Debnath and Mr. Schain
may be helpful [...] 

Read more...

http://www.philosophypathways.com/articles/Hubertus_Fremerey_
Philosophy_Pathways_Issue_207_Introduction.pdf

(c) Hubertus Fremerey 2016

Email: yodafrem@gmail.com

About the editor:
http://www.philosophypathways.com/newsletter/editor.html#fremerey

-=-

I. 'REASON, DELUSION, AND "THE GOOD"' BY HUBERTUS FREMEREY

We humans are thinking animals, and because of our thinking we are
forced to supplement the natural habitat with a mental and spiritual
habitat that would guide our thinking and behaviour. Thus Kant wrote
an essay "What does it mean to orient oneself in thinking?" ("Was
heisst, sich im Denken orientieren?") and Heidegger published a
series of lectures under the same title. Such a question would not be
applicable to animals. Religions, philosophies and sciences are all
offering some frames of reference for the confused minds of thinking
humans, and they all are at the same time mental constructs of humans
in a similar way as houses and cities are physical constructs for
humans to live in. Thus the problem of reason is to critically
justify and to improve those mental constructs [...]

Read more...

http://www.philosophypathways.com/articles/Hubertus_Fremerey_Reason_
Delusion_and_the_'Good'.pdf

(c) Hubertus Fremerey 2016

Email: yodafrem@gmail.com

-=-

II. 'EPISTEMOLOGICAL POSITION OF G.W.F. HEGEL' BY SUJIT DEBNATH

In this paper I shall discuss Epistemological position of G.W.F Hegel
(1770-1831). In his epistemology Hegel discusses four sources of
knowledge. They are sense-certainty, perception, understanding and
reason. Sense-certainty is the source of our knowledge of the
ordinary consciousness of things. Hegelian notion of sense-certainty
can be compared with Kantian view that human knowledge begins with
and terminates in sensibility. The second source of knowledge
according to Hegel is perception. By ‘perception’ Hegel refers to
that form of consciousness, in which, world is regarded as the
collection of things with properties. Understanding is the capacity
of reflective interpretation. Understanding conceives a world of
finite entities, governed by the principle of identity and
opposition. The understanding introduces the conception of force and
its expressions. The force is manifested in its expressions. Hegel in
order to overcome the Kantian distinction between thing-in-itself and
the appearance or between the reality and the appearance draws the
analogy of force and its expressions. Just as the force experiences
through its expressions, similarly the thing-in-itself has revealed
through its appearances [...]

Read more...

http://www.philosophypathways.com/articles/Sujit_Debnath_
Epistemological_Position_of_G.W.F._Hegel.pdf

(c) Sujit Debnath 2016

Email: sujitdebnath2812@gmail.com

-=-

III. 'THE ART FORM CALLED PHILOSOPHY' BY RICHARD SCHAIN

I believe that the main thing to know about philosophy is that it is
a form of art. Philosophy is the art of reflection on the realities
of the human condition; a philosopher who has not experienced life in
its many manifestations is like a composer who has never heard music.
The idea is inconceivable. Much of what goes under the name of
philosophy today is actually science, theology, mathematics, history,
or journalism. Philosophy is none of these; it is an art form whose
identifying characteristic is the expression of ideas about the
realities experienced by the philosopher. The appreciation of
philosophy requires a taste for art that is not greatly different
from that required for other art forms. The person whose spirit is
not touched at one time or another by music, by painting, by
architecture, or by poetry will not be touched by genuine philosophy.
Plato, regarded as the founder of discursive western philosophy, was
seen as a poet by the scientifically minded Aristotle [...]

Read more...

http://www.philosophypathways.com/articles/Richard_Schain_The_Art_
Form_Called_Philosophy.pdf

(c) Richard Schain 2016

Email: richardschain@yahoo.com


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 The views expressed in this newsletter do not necessarily
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