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PHILOSOPHY PATHWAYS electronic journal

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P H I L O S O P H Y   P A T H W A Y S                   ISSN 2043-0728
http://www.philosophypathways.com/newsletter/

Issue No. 205
22nd October 2016

CONTENTS

Edited by Terence Edward

I. 'Africana Notions of Gender, Rape and Objectification' by Fainos
Mangena

II. 'Non-Social Human Beings in the Original Position' by Terence
Edward

III. 'Can There be a Foundationalist or a Coherentist Account of
Predication?' by Marlon De Vera

-=-

EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION

This issue of the Philosophical Pathways journal starts with papers
which are concerned with the metaphysical commitments of political
philosophies, before moving to a paper which concerns a non-political
metaphysical question. There is an objection that some readers might
have to this description, which I shall mention later. First I shall
say something about each individual paper [...]

Read more...

http://www.philosophypathways.com/articles/Terence_Edward_Philosophy_
Pathways_Issue_205_Introduction.pdf

(c) Terence Edward 2016

Email: T.R.Edward@manchester.ac.uk

About the editor:
http://www.philosophypathways.com/newsletter/editor.html#edward

-=-

I. 'AFRICANA NOTIONS OF GENDER, RAPE AND OBJECTIFICATION' BY FAINOS
MANGENA

This article derives its conceptual impetus from Lindsay Kelland's
incisive discussion of rape in an article entitled: "Conceptually
situating the harm of rape: An analysis of objectification published"
in the South African Journal of Philosophy. In this article, Kelland
advances the contention that "what takes place in an encounter of
sexual objectification can be thought of as establishing an implicit
threat which permeates the lived experience of being a woman under
patriarchy because of the prevalence, meaning and place of sexual
objectification in hegemonic patriarchal ideology." Having thoroughly
scrutinized this article, I strongly identify with Kelland on the harm
associated with the objectification of the female body by the male
other and I argue that even the idea of Africana womanism, which
represents the interest of African women in Africa and in diasporic
spaces, will have to do a lot more to challenge this position as it
tends to mask the real challenges African women face in their
everyday association with patriarchy [...]

Read more...

http://www.philosophypathways.com/articles/Fainos_Mangena_Africana_
Notions_of_Gender_Rape_and_Objectification.pdf

(c) Fainos Mangena 2016

Email: fainosmangena@gmail.com

-=-

II. 'NON-SOCIAL HUMAN BEINGS IN THE ORIGINAL POSITION' BY TERENCE
EDWARD

In this paper I contribute to answering the question, is the
philosopher John Rawls committed to the possibility of human beings
who are not social beings? The answer depends on what exactly is
meant by 'not social beings.' Perhaps it also depends on which of
Rawls's texts one focuses on. I argue that in order to defend
proposals made in his classic book A Theory of Justice, Rawls needs
to take on a certain commitment, and it makes sense to describe this
as a commitment to non-social human beings. An argument has already
been made for a similar conclusion (Sandel 1984: 86-87), an argument
which has been contested (Edwin Baker 1985: 900), but my argument
below is quite different [...]

Read more...

http://www.philosophypathways.com/articles/Terence_Edward_Non-Social_
Human_Beings_in_the_Original_Position.pdf

(c) Terence Edward 2016

Email: T.R.Edward@manchester.ac.uk

-=-

III. 'CAN THERE BE A FOUNDATIONALIST OR A COHERENTIST ACCOUNT OF
PREDICATION?' BY MARLON DE VERA

The problem of characterizing the relation between an object and an
attribute in predication is inseparable from two fundamental problems
-- the problem of how an object is appropriately described by a
predicate, and the problem of how one predicate can apply to more
than one distinct object at the same time. One response to these two
problems which has been defended by philosophers is the One Over Many
Argument. However, the One Over Many Argument leads to a problem of
infinite regress, which is usually referred to as the Chinese Boxes
Absurdity. In an attempt to respond to the Chinese Boxes Absurdity,
this paper draws a parallel between the problem of predication and
how it relates objects and attributes, on the one hand, and the
problem of the epistemic justification of empirical beliefs, on the
other hand, and explores the possibility of employing either a
foundationalist or a coherentist account of predication to terminate
the problem of infinite regress [...]

Read more...

http://www.philosophypathways.com/articles/Marlon_De_Vera_Can_There_
Be_a_Foundationalist_or_a_Coherentist_Account_of_Predication.pdf

(c) Marlon De Vera 2016

Email: mjb.devera@yahoo.com


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